The work begun on Tuesday 9th of August when we held our first meeting at Tandale ward office with the Tandale community members chosen at hamlet level to represent the community in the project. The meeting was chaired by Mr kokoyo and Mark, and the following were discussed:
Welcome by Tandale ward executive officer
Introduction about the project (brief of map kibera trust)
Introduce trainers/ technology
A look at the witness/ushaidi plat form briefly
Workplan for next three weeks
Questions and answers session
During the discussion, the objective of the project was stated, which was to introduce use of participatory technology for development in Tandale by producing a base map and starting community media initiative. The tools involved in this process included the use of GPS, Computer, video camera, and open street map software. Besides, the Community members were introduced to the programme such as how to use GPS, to open street map and to upload data from GPS to files for operation of map making. Thus, the community where introduced with the knowledge of the computer and GPS.
After the introduction on the project, we students from Ardhi University were divided into groups of their own choices according to the tasks to be performed: Editing, Story-telling, s atellite image and Mapping. From the community members, each member was selected according to his origin in tandale whereby five groups of mixed students and community members were formed according to the number of subwards found in tandale which are: Pakacha, Sokoni, Muhalitani, Kwatumbo, Mkunduge
These groups were given the task of collecting data in the respective subward and produce it map. Each group in the five formed group begun working according to instructions given and was given one computer and one GPS to carry out the task. The assignment was to go to the site to take nodes points of (primary and nursery), boundaries and water tanks. Coordinate taken were less attributes and more spatial data from the site that was a need to write down attributes data also with the aid of photos by camera. After a hour we return to the offices to download the data from the site from GPS and save them to a file on the computer.
How to retrieve data from GPS:
GO to set up
On the computer the file will appear which will help to take to take file from the memory card. Then, you go to GPSbabel program to retrieve point taken from the GPS:
Go to gpsbabelife
You write name of the name of file: year, month, date.point.gpx
The use of josm
Go to josm
After this procedure, I learned also how download data and how to up load data for the final editing of the map. In addition to this, I have learned how to use the preset command which allows me to edit each feature with it representation on the ground. The most important thing is the final map which shows all existing features especially the sanitation and health facilities available in the area. Finally, we continued with the mapping processes by incorporating tracks (footways) and main features such as water tanks, buildings and open spaces. The community members were urged to give different problems/issues they are facing in their area of residence and the following were identified:
Poor Health services
Lack of Accessibility in the area
Poor Educational facilities
Lack of Solid waste management
Inadequate water supply
Conclusively, the work has been a good study to me for I have known how to use the openstreetmap sofwares and exchange ideas with the community. Besides I have witnessed full involvement of the community as the outcome of community participation in the project as the e of creation of sense of ownership.
I will give strategies to provide security in the area.
SECURITY ISSUES IN TANDALE WARD
Tandale is an administrative ward in the Kinondoni district of the Dar es Salaam Region of Tanzania. According to the 2002 census, the ward has a total population of 45,058. It is among informal settlements in Dar es Salaam. Tandale economy is mostly based on the tradable goods at sokoni, the Tandale market. Most of the farmers around Dar es Salaam take their agricultural produce to Sokoni market (Tandale ward).The most surprising thing about this market is that the security is too poor for there are repeated cases of stealing and crimes. These cases occur not only at the market but also in the whole Tandale settlement. Safety in most of informal settlement is a big problem that needs to be solved to guarantee security of the residents. The most affected groups are women, new entries and business men. The following are the major causes of crime and stealing in tandale settlement:
All streets that were once wide enough for vehicular circulation have been invaded/encroached by structures/buildings and are now very narrow.
There are many unfinished and abandoned buildings in the area which are hideouts for potential criminals.
The narrow streets are completely dark, not named and there is no light around the buildings although some houses have electricity! The residents feel it is very unsafe to walk around the area during the night and even in the early evening or morning. Sometimes they feel it is also risky during the day when they are walking alone.
Visibility is very limited due to housing congestion and darkness.
Unemployment of young men who just roaming in the area. As we walked around we could see groups of young men sitting around at jobless corners doing nothing.
Excessive Alcoholism among young men leading them to things they do not plan for
HOW TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM
In order to generate solutions to personal safety, one needs the opportunity to be involved and heard by responsible authorities. By involving all groups of people from all parts of the settlement in a safety audit, it will make easy for the local authority (municipality) to understand what people think concerning crime and the immediate solutions to bring about the necessary changes in partnership with the authority. The little research I have done by asking some of the community members has shown that the residents in Tandale perceive the safety problems in their area as diverse, due to both the physical design and socio-economic planning. In fact, somehow partnership and awareness between those with authority and the affected is necessary. Involvement of all human categories (men, women and youth) in safety planning and design is necessary; this will include not only the enhancement of the physical environment of an area and enforcement of municipal rules but also takes into account the socio-economic structure, political and cultural behavior of the society which gives a holistic approach in crime prevention. Therefore, planning for safety becomes a multi-sectorial process that needs involvement of all stakeholders including the local community and the local authority to effect implementation.
Some possible solutions
Elimination or destroying hideouts of potential criminals: a number of old unfinished buildings or dilapidated structures which are used by criminals as hideouts. Local authorities could send notices to demolish /complete or auction the buildings to competent builders.
Establishment of lighting in the street. Due to lack of street lighting, the area is completely dark at night; this creates fear of crime and a potential environment for criminals. The local community if empowered can carry out local campaigns to illuminate the area on self-help basis. The plan should be for each household to set up a bulb in front and behind their houses, and possibly on both sides. Lighting around the houses can scare petty offenders. But for the streets, the municipality and other partners should provide lighting.
Creation of employment to jobless people (youth). The crime level and stealing in tandale are linked women with the socio-economic problems in the community. The problems of youth unemployment as a root cause of the problem. There is need for the municipality to work with youth to develop income /job generating activities to engage the jobless youths and women in the area. For examples, the waste collections as subcontractors to the municipality to develop an alternative activity to women who are currently involved in local brew selling at night, prostitution, etc. Women or youth groups could be incorporated in the ongoing community contracts for garbage collection and disposal currently organized by the municipality. In this way a more reliable employment and income is insured.
There should be the creation of youth loan association at the local enabling youth to borrow loan for income small business so as to generate income
Security groups. Despite the fact that community policing carried out by community security groups (sungusungu) in collaboration with the police is crucial but not the only way to bring safety into the neighborhood. The security group should be strengthened by adding more young. This will work as part of their employment and also help to maintain security in the settlement.
Conclusively, by bringing to the attention of the municipality the concerns of the tandale residents regarding safety in their area, it is possible to involve the municipal staff through the repeated safety audit and make them to share the concern by allocating some funds to initiate the implementation of some of the issues raised by the community. If improved, it will impact to other areas with similar problems. The community will learn that living with the fear of crime without reporting the fear, safety will never come about. Laws and regulations alone cannot address the problem. Therefore, a new approach – customer designed to local problem is essential. The safer cities’ approach tailored to partnerships at the community level concerning their perceptions of safety, especially the most vulnerable – the poor, women, aged and children is very appropriate.
Prepared by: SONGOLO RASHID JOSHUA